[Anti Drug Day Special] Illicit Trafficking by Rohan Pratap Singh



26th June annually is observed as an International Day Against Illicit Trafficking & Drug Abuse. It was adopted by general assembly resolution 42/112 of 7th December 1987. This day marks the importance to fight against drug abuse and illicit trafficking to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse.
Drugs are the chemical that changes how the body works. When consumed it shows changes in human psychology or physiology.
‘ILLICIT’ means forbidden by laws, rule or custom
‘Trafficking’ means deal or trade in something illegal
Illicit trafficking here stands for illegal “trading, selling or dealing” of goods which are forbidden by laws or specified by the government.
According to the world drug report released by the UN in 2017, 5.3%of world adult population used drugs at least ones in 2015. In that, 29.5 million people or 0.6% of the adult population suffered from drug use disorder.

Addiction vs. Abuse

Addiction is a disease that affects your brain and behavior. When you are addicted to drugs you can't resist to use it, however, you know how much injurious it is. 
And, DRUG ABUSE is when you use legal or illegal in the way it shouldn't be used, like overdose or pills taken on the name of others prescription.
Drugs make a chemical named dopamine in the human brain which creates a feeling of intense pleasure, peace, and relaxation. Overtime addiction makes our brain addict to dopamine in search of the same feeling.

Effects of drugs

The use of drugs over a period of time may create some change in brain circuit and chemical as well.
 They can also damage our
·         Memory
·         Ability to learn
·         Judgment
·         Decision making
This change in the brain allows the person more to be addicted to drugs beyond their control       

Cure of the drug abuse

Here, the problem should be attacked not the person. Solving the problem leads to a major role in curbing the use of the drug.
Other ways are-
·         Psychotherapy (emotional and social support)
·         Strong will
·         Rehabilitation
·         Creative activities
·         Exercise, proper hobby and support
·         Yoga meditation and Pranayam
·         Balanced nutrition

DRUG TRAFFICKING

It is a global black market, which is subject to prohibited by laws. A report in 2005 by the united nation office on drug and crime estimates its size of over more than 321.6 US$ global illicit drug market in 2003 alone, which is about 1% of the world G.D.P. Consumption of the illegal drug is spread globally and remains difficult to prevent to its popularity.
It is impossible to get accurate statistics of the profits, consumption and trade deal due to its illicit nature. In 1997 world drug report by UNODC says that the global market is estimated at approx 4trillion US$ and is among the world largest traded goods along with arms and oil. A report by the UK Home office says that the drug market is about 6 billion UK euro.
In December 2009 UN officials, UNODC claimed that around 352 billion$ of drug profit was added in the economic system.
PROHIBITION LAWS
Drug prohibition laws are based on international treaty commitments such as-
The government of the state uses it according to their comfort and ease.
Indian Programmes related to prevention of substance abuse and Illicit Trafficking
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE),
Government of India is involved with alcohol and drug demand reduction policies and drug de-addiction programme (DDAP) in the country.
Various e-Health web based programmes
 Related to the prevention of substance abuse such as drug, alcohol and other, an e-Help (alcoholwebindia.in/intervention) operated by National Drug Dependence  Treatment  Centre (NDDTC), AIIMS, Delhi and m-Cessation programme (nhp.gov.in/quit-tobacco) for tobacco cessation have been initiated by MoHFW by the central government.
National AIDS Control Programme (NACP):
MoHFW, has implemented various targeted interventions programme for IDUs such as Needle syringe programme, Opioid substitution therapy.
The MSJE 
This central sector scheme of assistance for the prevention of alcoholism and substance (drugs) abuse for social defense services which has been updated in 2015.
The Department of Revenue, Central government 
It administrator the act of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985 and the Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988;
The Narcotics Control Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs
It looks over the functions and as an enforcement agency for NDPS Act.

References



For general overview of drug abuse, read here- " Drugs are not the solution by Supriti Bhargava".Click here to read the article.


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