A Guide for Online FIR (With Links) and FIR in Cyber Cases by Harshit Kiran | Know Your Law | My Lawman


Online FIR

Most people dread going to the police station when a crime takes place. There is usually a feeling that registering a complaint is a tedious process or the police will not be cooperative. But that shouldn’t stop anybody from taking action against a crime.
When you approach the police station, you are required to file a First Information Report (FIR) or a complaint. This document record’s the complainant’s perspective on the crime committed.
FIRs can be lodged by the person against whom the offence is committed, by the person who knows that the offence has been committed, or by the person who has seen the commissioning of an offence.
A complaint is an allegation made orally or in writing that some person (whether known or unknown) has committed an offence. A complaint is addressed to a Magistrate.
An e-FIR can be filed only for cognizable offences like murder, rape, dowry death, kidnap, etc. In these cases, the police can make the arrest without the court order.
In non-cognizable offences, like assault, cheating, stalking etc., only a complaint can be filed online. It can be later escalated into a FIR by the police after seeking permission from the Magistrate. Some states allow for online submission of FIR/complaint.
This online filing of FIR is very easy and the steps and procedure are same as that of physical FIR but this is done online and many states have adopted and even started using this service like:
  1. Assam- Click here to file e-FIR
  2. Andhra Pradesh- Click here to file e-FIR
  3. Bihar- Click here to file e-FIR
  4. Delhi- Click here to file e-FIR
  5. Goa- Click here to file e-FIR
  6. Haryana- Click here to file e-FIR
  7. Jharkhand- Click here to file e-FIR
  8. Karnataka- Click here to file e-FIR
  9. Madhya Pradesh- Click here to file e-FIR
  10. Mumbai- Click here to file e-FIR
  11. Punjab- Click here to file e-FIR
  12. Rajasthan- Click here to file e-FIR
  13. Uttar Pradesh- Click here to file e-FIR

FIR in cyber cases

Cyber-crime is a criminal activity which is carried on by the use of computers and the Internet. Some of the common cyber-crimes are hacking, cyberstalking, denial of service attack (DoS), virus dissemination, software piracy, credit card fraud & phishing.
To tackle the issue of cyber-crimes, CIDs (Criminal Investigation Departments) of various cities opened up Cyber Crime Cells in different cities. The Information Technology Act of India states clearly that when a cyber-crime has been committed, it has a global jurisdiction and hence a complaint can be filed at any cyber cell.
Step by Step, Procedures to File a Cyber Crime Complaint
Step 1 One may need to provide name, mailing address & telephone number along with an application letter addressing the head of a cyber-crime investigation cell when filing a complaint.
Step 2   One must provide certain documents in order to register a complaint. List of documents varies with the type of cyber-crime.

Documents / Information You Need to Provide while Filing a Hacking Complaint

In the case of hacking, the following information should be provided:

1.  Server Logs
2. A copy of the defaced web page in soft copy as well as hard copy format, if victim’s website is defaced
3. If data are compromised on the victim’s server or computer or any other FIR in cyber cases.

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